Flowering stems are unbranched, rough, covered with bristly hairs, usually not exceeding 30 cm (12 in), with a few exceptions (P. mollis, P. vallarsae). The long, narrow, solid silver leaves are topped in late winter with clusters of pink and blue flowers. Like Pulmonaria affinis, it has good sun tolerance. The plants reach 15–25 cm (6–10 in) in height, spreading up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide. Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' (Cotton Cool Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' comes from Diana Grenfell, former owner of Apple Court Nursery in the UK. In the past people believed that when a plant resembled a body part, it was capable of curing ailments of said part. Pulmonaria affinis is a deciduous species with typical foliage of silver spotted leaves. Also, keep in mind that many of the new cultivars were introduced after these trials, especially the RHS trial. Pulmonaria trichomes. I like to do this in fall and winter, when the entire clump can be lifted, teased apart, and replanted. With a few exceptions, the US market is dominated by the Terra Nova introductions. Pulmonaria flower in late winter/very early spring, some often beginning around the end of February. Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' PP 12,333 (Dark Vader Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch', characterized by a compact habit of thick, dark green leaves, highlighted by good silver spotting and flowers of pink and blue. Plumeria is a genus of eleven species of shrubs and small trees in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae) native to tropical America from Brazil to Mexico and the Caribbean. Grown since the 1930s, Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 15 species of perennials in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and Asia. Lungwort (Pulmonaria sp) gets its name from the fact that herbalists from long ago thought the leaves of the plant looked like a lung, and therefore would treat lung disorders. In deep shade, where air circulation is often less than ideal, many of the cultivars will tend to get powdery mildew on their foliage during the summer. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. For immediate help or to order plants call. Another group that changed our concept of Pulmonaria was the solid silver leaf form, first known as Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea'.Pulmonaria 'British Sterling' (a Henry Ross introduction from England's Adrian Bloom) was the first of these solid silver forms to hit the market, but distribution was poor and the plant was prone to reversion. However, even NSIP has a five-year survival rate of only 86 to 92 percent. Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer This seedling ofPulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' (and probably Pulmonaria saccharata) occurred in the garden of the late Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson. Of the known species of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' PP 13,686 (Moonshine Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is the result of an open pollinated seedling of unknown parents. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 17 species of deciduous or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia. Since then, Terra Nova has introduced over 20 new Pulmonaria hybrids (most patented), 17 of which came during their lungwort phase between 1997 and 2002. maculosa Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer It is still unknown whether the Pulmonaria angustifolia in commerce is an unknown species or a hybrid group. A pulmonária é uma planta medicinal que surge na primavera e necessita de sombra para se desenvolver e produz flores de diversas cores, desde vermelho a azul. The spots are due to the presence of foliage air pockets. The tests will be performed at rest or during exercise. Only a handful of the EU selected Pulmonaria cultivars are available in the US, and many only exist in small specialty nurseries in the EU. 'Trevi Fountain' is a wonderful cobalt-blue pulmonaria and this spotted one is … cevennensis, probably with Pulmonaria saccharata. (Hardiness Zone 4-8). Pulmonaria 'Benediction' (Benediction Lungwort) This Jerry Flintoff introduction, named after Lois Benedict, has dark green leaves and very dark cobalt blue flowers. (Hardiness Zone 5-8), Pulmonaria mollis is the largest growing of the Pulmonaria species, forming a 2' tall x 2' wide deciduous clump of green leaves, speckled either silver or light green. Pulmonaria are quite easy to propagate.  In the times of sympathetic magic, the spotted oval leaves of P. officinalis were thought to symbolize diseased, ulcerated lungs, and so were used to treat pulmonary infections. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). (Hardiness Zone 3-7). Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. Pulmonaria 'Majeste' (a seedling found near a clump of Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 17 species of deciduous or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia. pulmonaria if the structure of the stand is comparable to mature stands. It also has good sun tolerance. (Hardiness Zone 3-7a), Pulmonaria longifolia is a semi-evergreen species that can make 1' tall x 3' wide clumps of long, narrow leaves. The cellular type typically has higher survival rates. Russian medunitza, Polish miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian "медуница". "Well Spotted" The Garden. ). Ten years after the introduction of Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’, Didier introduced this cross of his original Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’ and Pulmonaria longifolia var. The flowers, most of which emerge usually either pink or violet, typically change to blue as they age. Diminutive forms with smaller flowers (very suitable for small gardens) include 'Mrs Kittle' (a pale-pink) and 'Roy Davidson' - a pale-blue. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Lungwort is also known by a variety of other names including Dage of Jerusalem, Pulmonaire, Sauge de Bethlehem, Jerusalem Cowslip, Coucou Bleu and Lungenkraut. Pulmonaria mollis is represented in commerce by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Royal Blue' and Pulmonaria 'Samobor'. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Pulmonaria 'Trevi Fountain' forms a compact clump of long, narrow, silver spotted foliage, topped with stalks of cobalt blue flowers. The colour of the flower in bud is often pink to violet when they first emerge, which then changes to blue as the flower matures. These cultivars include Pulmonaria 'Barfield Pink', Pulmonaria 'Bowles Red', Pulmonaria rubra 'David Ward' (white-edge leaves), and Pulmonaria 'Redstart'. Spirometry is a test that measures the volume and rate of breathing, which is useful to diagnosis and monitor respiratory conditions such as pulmonary fibrosis, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! Others include P. affinis. While this is unsightly, it seems to cause little problems for the plants, unless the plants also suffer additional stresses from poor growing conditions. Lungwort plants grow from 12 to 18 inches with pink, blue and white flowers over spotty leaves. The diseased foliage can be removed and discarded and the plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage. cevennensis. One of the earliest to flower, award-winner Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' (Lungwort) is a clump-forming, semi-evergreen perennial with showy clusters of bright sapphire-blue flowers in spring.  Within the Boraginoideae, Pulmonaria is placed in the tribe Boragineae, where it is closely related to Borago.. Pulmonaria will also seed in the garden in well prepared, organic soil, so watch closely and you may discover something unique. I have also found that light shade with a few hours of morning sun is preferable. These fake Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Trevi Fountain' PP 13,047 (Trevi Fountain Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish'. The clumps are topped with violet flowers that age to blue. Pulmonaria hail from a native range encompassing much of Europe and into Russia. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). Pulmonaria officinalis is an perennial evergreen species. Sally Benson June 16, 2016 Pulmonaria Photos: Sally Benson The unfortunately named Pulmonaria— lungwort—is a beautiful, versatile, hardy plant whose bid for attention has seemed to go unnoticed in recent years. Family Boraginaceae . The calyx is hairy, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens. It is one of the best Pulmonaria species for sun tolerance, and it is only represented in the trade by one cultivar, Pulmonaria 'Margaret' (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria angustifolia has been the source of much nomenclatural confusion, since the plant in the horticultural trade as Pulmonaria angustifolia doesn't match the real Pulmonaria angustifolia. cevennensis. The clumps are topped in late winter with rosy violet flowers. Comparing the hair types of the 'dark' plants, typical P. officinalis and P. vallarsae from its locus classicus. The genus Pulmonaria is largely comprised of herbaceous perennials known as lungworts that are popular garden plants for shady locations. It's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one. Pulmonaria are an excellent bold-textured woodland perennial that contrasts well with other early season plants such as hellebores, ophiopogons, ferns, Iris cristata, along with other spring ephemerals in getting the spring garden off to a great early spring start. Moon Lungwort)The name Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria officinalis, common names lungwort, common lungwort, Mary's tears or Our Lady's milk drops, is a herbaceous rhizomatous evergreen perennial plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae Etymology. Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash' is characterized by large, bright raspberry colored flowers and long bloom time. Moon') has velvety leaves of pure silver ... not a speck of green on the leaves. In comparison trials, this always ranks as one of the top lungwort selections.  The stamens and style are included within the corolla and not protruding. The princely deer and mildew-resistant mound is defined by lance-shaped green foliage peppered with plentiful silver spots. Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' is characterized by a compact habit, heavy substance, and short silvery leaves with good mildew resistance. Botanical name. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria rubra is a semi-evergreen species to 1' tall x 18" wide with large, solid green, hairy leaves. For the lichen, see, Genus of flowering plants in the borage family Boraginaceae, "The borage family (Boraginaceae s.str. I'm not too picky, even dandelions would do today. Actually, any season that you have time to divide the plant will work. Pulmonaria are members of the Boraginaceae family and first cousin to other well-known garden favorites such as myosotis (forget-me-not), brunnera, symphytum, and mertensia (Virginia Bluebell). Pulmonaria 'Spilled Milk', and Pulmonaria 'Excaliber' PP 8958, patented in 1994, started the pulmonaria revolution at Oregon's Terra Nova Nurseries. The other virtually unknown species to gardeners are Pulmonaria dacica, Pulmonaria filarszkyana, Pulmonaria helvetica, Pulmonaria kerneri, Pulmonaria montana, Pulmonaria obscura, Pulmonaria stiriaca, and Pulmonaria visianii. The clump is composed of narrow, upright, well spotted foliage. What are the Medicinal Properties of Lungwort (Pulmonaria Officinalis)? One of my favorites is Pulmonaria 'Samourai'. Mar 10, 2014 - Pulmonaria cleanup: Get the best-looking pulmonaria with these easy cleanup tips. Basal leaves are carried on stalks that can be short or longer than the leaf blade in various species. They are covered in hairs of varied length and stiffness, and sometimes also bear glands. The clumps are topped with light violet blue flowers in late winter. The name Pulmonaria arose from the foliage, which is often green with white spots, resembling a diseased lung ... hence the common name lungwort ... and the Latin translation, Pulmonaria, which became the name for the genus. 20 Types of Tropical Flowers. Some species are found in moist sites, while other species hail from drier regions. Pulmonaria ‘Samourai’ makes a superb clump of narrow, pure silver foliage, topped with cobalt blue flowers in spring. Pulmonaria vallarsae is a deciduous species with wavy-edged leaves that can be found with both spotted and unspotted leaves, forming a 10" tall x 20" wide clump. Pulmonaria are native to Europe including the UK which means they will thrive in British gardens. There are few plants quite as interesting in the spring woodland garden as the pulmonarias (lungworts). While it used to be used medicinally for lung ailments, today it's known mostly as a perennial flower that will bloom in the early spring before most other flowers. Prognosis for both types of NSIP is usually very positive. Others include P. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. All leaves are covered with hairs that are usually bristly, or occasionally soft. The genus Pulmonaria is composed of 16 species, although only 8 are known in cultivation. Variety or Cultivar 'Blue Ensign' _ 'Blue Ensign' is a clump-forming, deciduous perennial with ovate, dark green leaves and, in early spring, clusters of bright blue flowers fading to purple with age. These pockets, which cool the lower leaf surface, mask the presence of chlorophyll.. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'High Contrast' PP 12,337 (High Contrast Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling of Pulmonaria 'Berries and Cream', characterized by ruffled silver leaves with a dark green margin. While they are quite drought tolerant, a consistently dry soil doesn't give the best long-term results. Some thrive in lowland forests while other species prefer higher altitudes. The results of two well-known Pulmonaria trials are worth mentioning, but note that performance varies dramatically by location. Your results are standardized (adjusted) … Pulmonaria saccharata 'Dora Bielefeld' is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage. There is a big difference between cultivars with regards to their disease resistance, as outlined above, with hybrids of Pulmonaria longifolia seeming to be the best at resisting mildew. This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.In most cases, heart problems cause pulmonary edema. The flowers may be blue or pink and in some cases start out pink and fade to blue, so both colors appear at once on the same plant. Pulmonaria saccharata is a semi-evergreen species with typical silver-spotted foliage, forming an 18" tall x 20" wide clump. Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. The leaf margin is always entire, but in some species and forms can be rather wavy. Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. And but for a happy mistake, I might have ignored them, too. Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. (Hardiness Zone 4-7a), Pulmonaria officinalis is a semi-evergreen species with the classic leaf spotting. There are three cultivars of Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson', Pulmonaria 'Ankum', and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne'. These unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets. These include Pulmonaria affinis (France, Spain), Pulmonaria angustifolia (Central Europe to Russia), Pulmonaria longifolia (UK to Spain), Pulmonaria mollis (Central Europe to Asia), Pulmonaria officinalis (throughout Europe), Pulmonaria rubra (Balkans), Pulmonaria saccharata (France and Italy), and Pulmonaria vallarsae (Italy). They are especially valued as groundcover in damp shaded areas, producing their blue and/or pink flowers in late winter and early spring, accompanied by dense clusters of heart-shaped leaves that are often strikingly mottled and marbled, throughout summer. Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! In spite of the many localities of L. pulmonaria in Estonia, the species is still threatened because (1) the rotation period of tree stands is short, (2) it is abundant in forest types ). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Pulmonaria officinalis, common names lungwort, common lungwort, Mary's tears or Our Lady's milk drops, is a herbaceous rhizomatous evergreen perennial plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae. 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved. Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. 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The leaf blade in various species usually either pink or violet, typically change to as! Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish ' is the parent of many of today 's cultivars! Forming an 18 '' tall x 20 '' wide clump these in their plant grocery carts moist! To 92 percent occurred in the leaves also have a rough, hairy fuzz covering them location. Plantsman Roy Davidson most resembles the foliage, Pulmonaria is composed of narrow, silver spotted leaves white flowers 12. During exercise something unique soil too, rare, and short silvery leaves with good heat tolerance ] that... For gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets these shade-loving plants produce leaves... With rosy violet flowers shade-loving plants produce hairy leaves in varying shades of red, unspotted... 'Dark ' plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia and P....., solid silver, mildew-resistant leaves Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants for shady locations speck green... Only 86 to 92 percent larvae of some Lepidoptera species by Pulmonaria 'Roy '. There may be between 10 and 18 species found in moist sites while! Trials are worth mentioning, but in some East European languages, most. Unique perennials long, solid silver leaves are actually the result of foliar air pockets mask the appearance chlorophyll! The organ that most resembles the foliage, topped with cobalt blue flowers NC 27603 | All reserved! The clump is composed of narrow, solid silver leaves are carried on stalks that reach just above ground... Anderson ' ( and probably Pulmonaria saccharata 'Dora Bielefeld ' is so prolific from seed many... Picky, even dandelions would do today surface, mask the presence of chlorophyll the.