The lion-tailed macaque got its name from its long, thin naked lion-like tail with a tuft of black fur at the end. Sushma & Sanjay Molur, Current Science, Vol 112, no 10, 25 may 2017 - Interactions of lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) with non-primates. Average Life Span: 20 years. Their diet includes leaves, fruits, flowers, nuts, roots, seeds, eggs, insects and fungi. DIET: Omnivore. Like many primates, lion-tailed macaques are true omnivores. Their coat is shiny and black, and their face is framed with an impressive mane of grey hair. Scientists discovered that lion-tailed macaques living in isolated forest patches have depleted mitochondrial DNA, which is passed from mother to offspring. Still, there are more appropriate meals for our macaque, such as leaves, stems, flowers, buds, and fungi. They weigh between 10 - 25 pounds. The dependence on animal protein is likely due to their inability to process foliage protein and lack of leguminous seeds in their diet (Kumar, 1987). There still exists a huge gap, however, in our knowledge of this macaque's status at many sites. While a female is in estrus, swelling occurs under her tail and she emits a courtship call to let males know that she is ready to mate. When fruit is less abundant, they supplement their diet with a variety of delicacies that include seeds, sap, cones, shoots, pith, flowers, insects, snails, birds eggs, tree frogs, and small animals like … Observations on tool use in captive lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) - Shanthala Kumar, H. N. Kumara and Mewa Singh. They eat buds, fruits, young leaves, bark, roots, and flowers. Diet: Fruits, leaves, buds, seeds, insects, small birds and mammals The lion-tailed macaque is a social monkey found in one remote region of the world, the rainforest canopy of India’s West Ghat Mountains. Around the face is a large mane of silvery white fur. The Lion-Tailed Macaque is one of the smallest and most endangered of the macaque species. IUCN, 2020. The lion-tailed macaque got its name from its long, thin naked lion-like tail with a tuft of black fur at the end. They enjoy everything from fruit to meat to bugs! Diet The diet of a Lion-tailed macaque comprises of indigenous fruits, leaves, buds, insects, small vertebrates and invertebrates. Each group is led by a single dominant male. At birth the young have soft fur which develops in to the mature fur of adults by two months old. They primarily eat fruit, bark, leaves, insects, eggs, small birds, reptiles or amphibians. What about diet and nutrition of lion tail macaque? Due to fragmentation and isolation of their habitat their is an increase in inbreeding which is leading to a reduction in genetic diversity. When females are receptive to mating they develop a swelling under the tail. Singh illustrates this point in his review, by comparing the state of LTMs in the Annamalai rainforests and Bonnet macaques in the outskirts of Mysore city. One thing these different babies have in common is they have super soft hair or fur, which changes as they get older. They see it as a direct consequence of habitat fragmentation and believe the presence of the parasites is a factor in the low birth rates and low juvenile survival in these groups. As feeding naturally on jackfruits, it gives them more sugar, energy and fibre. The lion-tailed macaque is an omnivore. Pre-Historic and Recent Vicariance Events Shape Genetic Structure and Diversity in Endangered Lion-Tailed Macaque in the Western Ghats: Implications for Conservation (2015) - Muthuvarmadam S. Ram, Minal Marne, Ajay Gaur, Honnavalli N. Kumara, Mewa Singh, Ajith Kumar, Govindhaswamy Umapathy, Journal of Threathed Taxa - 2009 - The Lion-tailed Macaque Macaca silenus (Primates: Cercopithecidae): conservation history and status of a flagship species of the tropical rainforests of the Western Ghats, India - Mewa Singh, Werner Kaumanns, Mridula Singh, H.S. The females will remain with their mothers troop while males go off and join a bachelor group until they are ready to challenge for leadership of their group. Abrams, S., 2021. The lion tail macaques are good at communicating with each other through body languages also. It even uses special cheek pouches to store food while foraging. A stamp featuring the lion-tailed macaque has been released in India. Education will help shift the negative perceptions people may have of these animals. Lion-tailed macaques are omnivorous but their diet consists mainly of fruit. Diet: Omnivore. For Lion-tailed macaques, strategies suggested are the largescale restoration of its rainforest habitat, extending sanctuaries where possible and protecting important rainforest corridors in the Western Ghats. These macaques are active during the day spending their time foraging and storing collected food in their cheek pouches. The females give birth to only one baby in a year. Lion Tailed Macaque: Acrobats of the Upper Canopy Don’t be fooled by the name or the sharp canines, the endangered lion-tailed macaque is a shy, fruit-eating primate that inhabits the upper canopy of the rainforests of the Western Ghats. The diet of lion tailed macaque is dominated by plant parts (fruit flesh, nectar and resins), rich in simple sugars or polysaccharides, but poor in protein (Kumar, 1987). It crosses the states of Kanataka, Kamil Nadu, and Kerala on the southwestern coast of the Indian peninsula. Young males will form bachelor groups. Weight: 5 – 10 Kg. Lion-tailed macaques are an … On occasion they may also feed on small animals. Zoo diet: If in a zoo, these primates get a chance to eat various kinds of fruits and vegetables and monkey chow. It is a territorial animal, defending its area first w… This is because large portions of their habitat have been cut down in order to plant coffee, tea, and other crops. The dependence on animal protein is likely due to their inability to process foliage protein and lack of leguminous seeds in their diet (Kumar, 1987). Rhesus Macaque Baby Macaque babies produce loud sounds. They live in the Western Ghats of southern India. Lion-tailed macaques Macaca silenus . 2021. Their face is hairless and colored black. Size. The diet of lion tailed macaque is dominated by plant parts (fruit flesh, nectar and resins), rich in simple sugars or polysaccharides, but poor in protein (Kumar, 1987). The faunal component accounts for about 19 percent of the total diet. Protection Status: Endangered. It is native to Southeast Asia. Finally, the more concrete meal includes insects, … They are more agile on the ground. The first lion-tailed macaques were introduced to American zoos in the 19th century. The species can, therefore, be classified as frugivorous/faunivorous with a bimodal dietary strategy. The Lion-tailed Macaque is considered to be omnivorous, eating mainly fruit, insects, eggs as well as small animals on occasion. Lion-tailed macaques will forage for food during the day, and can gather food in cheek pouches that can hold as much food as their entire stomach. Mating occurs throughout much of the year but births are concentrated in February and March. A male Lion-tailed macaque is slightly bigger than the female (5 kg) and weighs around 7 kg. Lion-tailed macaques are sociable creatures and are seen mostly in … The Lion-tailed Macaque ranks among the rarest and most threatened primates. Their varied diet gives our care team lots of opportunities to be creative and find new food combinations that they might enjoy. Macaca silenus. These macaques are active during the day spending their time foraging and storing collected food in their cheek pouches. Males weigh up to 33 lb (15 kg), twice as much as the smaller females. Habitat; Mainly diurnalarboreal, it prefers the upper canopy of primary tropical evergreen rainforest but may also be found in monsoon forest in hilly country and in disturbed forest. They are, Erinjery informs me, divided into approximately 47 subpopulations across at least seven locations in the Western Ghats. It will initially cling to its mothers chest or back and drink milk until it is weaned at 15 months old. As omnivorous animals, Lion-tailed macaques feed upon a wide variety of food, although fruits form the major part of their diet. It is the carrier of genetic information. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T12559A17951402. Whose Habitat Is It Anyway? There are many macaque species but here we’ll only focus on those commonly kept as pets: Celebes, Java, Pig-tailed, Rhesus, and Stump-tailed Macaques. These macaques obtain some of their water by licking dew from leaves. Over the last two decades surveys have documented population declines in a number of areas. This can be achieved by planting native trees. These include Kalakad-Mundanthurai in the state of Tamil Nadu, Silent Valley in the state of Kerala, and Brahmagiri-Makut in the state of Karnataka. They generally range from fifteen to twenty-five pounds. Take the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), for example. An average length for their body is between 40 and 61cm (15.75-24in) long and a weight of between 3 and 10kg (6.6-22lbs). Stump-tailed macaques are arboreal and terrestrial. Lion-tailed macaques are listed on Appendix I of the Convention on. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. A little later, while exiting the Puduthottam Estate, we came across a 16 member troop of Lion-tailed Macaque, busy raiding the food waste around a small settlement - the bane of wildlife habituated to humans and macaques are especially inclined towards the easy food around humans. The faunal component accounts for about 19 per cent of the total diet. Secondly, a recent investigation by the IUCN discovered a truly depressing fact. One of the males is the alpha male and leader of the group. Type: Mammal Diet: Omnivore Average Life Span: 20 years Size: 51 - 61cm in length Weight: 5 - 10 Kg Protection Status: Endangered The Lion-Tailed Macaque is one of the smallest and most endangered of the macaque species. Quite unfortunately, the remarkable animal also ranks among the rarest and most highly endangered of all primates. 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